JAN 23, 2018 08:19 AM PST

Aronia Berries: Anti-Cancer and Other Benefits

WRITTEN BY: Julia Travers

Aronia berries (“aronia”), which grow on deciduous shrubs primarily in North America and Eastern Europe, contain a high proportion of micronutrients called polyphenols. Polyphenols are usually organic but can be synthesized. They are chemicals known to have anti-oxidant properties – they prevent oxidation, which can lead to cell damage in the body. Polyphenol-rich aronia has been found to provide a variety of health benefits when consumed, including in the prevention of the spread of cancer and the amelioration of cardiovascular problems. Aronia is also sometimes called chokeberry because it has a markedly tart and mouth-drying taste.

Aronia, credit: Mrigashirsh on Flickr

Aronia’s Cancer-related Benefits

A 2004 study in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry discovered that aronia was able to slow the growth of colon cancer cells. Grape and bilberry extracts were also “investigated for their potential chemopreventive [(preventing disease progression)] activity against colon cancer,” and aronia had the highest cancer-inhibitive properties.

In 2009, research was conducted into how plant antioxidants like aronia can protect cells against the oxidative stress observed in breast cancer patients. Aronia extract was proven to reduce cell damage and to have a “protective role” for “patients with breast cancer in vitro” (in tests performed with samples outside of the organism).

Aronia’s Numerous Other Health Benefits

Other studies and inquiries have found aronia to offer positive results for a variety of illnesses, including diabetes, heart disease and liver damage. In 2015, it was found to improve immune response and reduce diabetes-related oxidative stress and inflammation. It has also been shown to fight insulin resistance and to improve obesity and glucose levels.

In 2016, aronia juice was able to improve liver damage symptoms in mice. Multiple studies during the last decade into its effects on the cardiovascular system have had positive results. This micronutrient has been shown to relax arterial tissue and improve Aronia salad, credit: Iowa public televisionblood flow, reduce high blood pressure and protect against plaque.

In a 2015 research inquiry, aronia was discovered to have the most polyphenols out of 143 plants known to contain them. It contains many other beneficial nutrients, including vitamin B-1, B-2, B-6, C and K, folate, niacin, pantothenic acid, tocopherols, zinc, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, and magnesium.

How to Consume Sharp-Tasting Aronia and Polyphenols

While aronia has a bitter flavor that is known to cause a dry-mouth sensation, it does not have to be eaten raw. The berries can be consumed fresh or made into baked goods like muffins and pies, drinks like juices, teas and wines, or jams. Aronia can also be ingested as a nutritional supplement.

Polyphenols can be found in other food sources, including cloves, dark chocolate, cherries, beans, nuts, spinach, soy, green and black tea, and red wine.

About the Author
  • Julia Travers is a writer, artist and teacher. She frequently covers science, tech and conservation.
You May Also Like
SEP 15, 2018
Clinical & Molecular DX
SEP 15, 2018
Cancer & Anoikis: A Match Not Made in Heaven
Anoikis have always been intimately entwined with cancer, henceforth the quest to seek how they came to be as such....
OCT 04, 2018
Genetics & Genomics
OCT 04, 2018
Similar Processes Drive the Development of Lung and Prostate Cancers
Small cell cancers often have poor prognoses....
OCT 04, 2018
Videos
OCT 04, 2018
Zebrafish as Metastatic Cancer Model
Another Koch Institute Image Award winner from 2018 is presented in this video from MIT....
OCT 29, 2018
Neuroscience
OCT 29, 2018
Gut: a second brain and novel therapeutic target
Undersatnding the role of gut microbiome in disease pathologies and targetting them for potential treatment strategies....
NOV 15, 2018
Drug Discovery
NOV 15, 2018
Making Cancer Disappear?
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common childhood cancers and the leading cause of cancer deaths among pediatric patients younger than 5. The cancer is fre...
DEC 06, 2018
Drug Discovery
DEC 06, 2018
Repurposing Cancer Drugs For HPV Treatment
Drug repurposing is transforming the health care world. The idea that old, previously-- FDA approved drugs could be altered and to be used again for the tr...
Loading Comments...