OCT 25, 2022 8:33 AM PDT

The Role of Terpenes in Cannabis

WRITTEN BY: Helaine Krysik

There’s more to cannabis than THC, CBD, or the hundreds of other cannabinoids present in the plant. While cannabinoids are typically thought of as the defining features of your favorite strains, additional factors come into play. The presence of terpenes is one of them.

Terpenes refers to the hundreds of compounds responsible for the aroma of many flowers and herbs, including cannabis. Terpenes are a huge influence on the smell, flavor, and the effects of cannabinoids in a wide array of strains.

For example, caryophyllene is a terpene found in strains such as Sour Diesel, Bubba Kush, and Girl Scout Cookies. The aroma is associated with lavender, cloves, cinnamon, and rosemary. Caryophyllene is also known for calming, anti-inflammatory, and anti-anxiety producing qualities.

Myrcene is another terpene found in nearly half of all strains, such as AK-47 and OG Kush. The aroma is associated with mangos, hops, and lemongrass, and associated with sedative properties.

Terpinolene is present in roughly 10% of all strains, known for having a woody smell, with some floral, citrusy notes. Its properties are considered antifungal, antibacterial, and sedative. Royal Jack Automatic, Super Lemon Haze, and Pineapple Kush are known for containing terpinolene.

Limonene, found in strains such as Papaya Punch or Lily Black Soda, has a clean, fresh citrus scent, is associated with boosting the immune system.

Phellandrene is one of the terpenes known for increasing your energy, reducing pain, and potentially acting as an anti-cancer property, with a peppery and spicy bouquet.

Cedrene, a common terpene with an earthy, sweet, woodsy aroma, is associated with anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, analgesic, and anti-cancer properties. Strains such as Banana Split, Jet Fuel, and Planet of the Grapes contain the terpene.

Interested in learning more about terpenes, and their role in your favorite strains? Then you may want focus on flower, rather than in extracts or edibles. Terpenes tend to be the most present in flower, the most natural form of cannabis.

 

Sources: Leafly, Seven Days Vermont, Weedmaps, Leafwell

About the Author
Marketing
Helaine is a cannabis industry writer and marketing consultant. She has been active in the Illinois cannabis industry since 2020, and writes for a variety of national publications.
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