OCT 26, 2018 12:30 PM PDT

What Is Atherosclerosis Anyway

WRITTEN BY: Abbie Arce

Atherosclerosis is the main contributing factor for coronary artery disease. Defined by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, atherosclerosis is a disease “in which plaque builds up inside your arteries.“ This plaque lines the walls of the arteries and eventually hardens. With fatty plaque obstructing the arterial passageway, blood flow is limited. This limited flow of blood creates a shortage of oxygenated blood throughout the body. 

This condition can lead to life-threatening cardiovascular events including heart attack or stroke. A variety of diseases are associated with plaque buildup. Depending on which arteries are most affected by atherosclerosis, a person may develop coronary heart disease, peripheral artery disease, carotid artery disease or chronic kidney disease. 

 

Many of the risk factors for atherosclerosis are under our control. These modifiable risk factors include a sedentary lifestyle, tobacco use, and a poor diet. The use of targeted fitness regimens has even been shown to prevent and reverse diseases of the heart, making exercise one of the most powerful tools we have for combating heart disease. 

Unfortunately, some factors remain out of our control, for example, age. 

The above video provides a detailed, easy-to-follow description of what happens within the body as atherosclerosis develops. 

 

Sources: Khan AcademyNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

About the Author
  • Abbie is an AFAA certified personal trainer and fitness instructor with an interest in all things health-science. She has recently graduated with her BS in Applied Sport and Exercise Science from Barry University in Miami. Next, she intends to earn an MPH with a focus in Epidemiology.
You May Also Like
JUL 12, 2020
Cardiology
A Beneficial Microbe Can Reduce the Risk of Artery Disease
JUL 12, 2020
A Beneficial Microbe Can Reduce the Risk of Artery Disease
Trillions of microbes call our bodies home, and the ones that live in the gut can have a powerful impact on human health ...
JUL 21, 2020
Cardiology
Investigating New Anti-Blood Clotting Treatments
JUL 21, 2020
Investigating New Anti-Blood Clotting Treatments
When it comes to your cardiovascular health, it is important to look at more than just your heart. The cardiovascular sy ...
JUL 28, 2020
Cancer
Should you get your DNA test for community-based genetic screening?
JUL 28, 2020
Should you get your DNA test for community-based genetic screening?
In a new study published in the journal Nature Medicine, researchers champion the potential of community-based gene ...
OCT 13, 2020
Cardiology
A Kidney Toxin Could Act as a Biomarker for Cardiovascular Risk
OCT 13, 2020
A Kidney Toxin Could Act as a Biomarker for Cardiovascular Risk
Biomarkers have taken the diagnostic field by storm over the past decade. The search for stable, easy to access indicato ...
OCT 21, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
Extracellular Vesicles Help Heart Cells Survive a Heart Attack
OCT 21, 2020
Extracellular Vesicles Help Heart Cells Survive a Heart Attack
During a heart attack, blood flow is blocked and cells lose oxygen and begin to die. Scientists are developing many new ...
OCT 27, 2020
Cardiology
Boron Could Prevent Myocardial Fibrosis and Assist in Recovery
OCT 27, 2020
Boron Could Prevent Myocardial Fibrosis and Assist in Recovery
When you pass by the nutrition section at the local grocery store, there is a chance you’ll come across row upon r ...
Loading Comments...