DEC 19, 2018 7:46 PM PST

When Water Becomes Toxic

WRITTEN BY: Abbie Arce

Ingesting dangerous levels of water is a problem faced most frequently by long-distance runners. One study found that as many as 1 in 6 marathon runners develop water intoxication.

This happens when a person drinks too much water in too short a time which stresses the kidneys.

The kidneys are only capable of processing about 800-1000 ml of water per hour. When a person drinks too much water the kidneys cannot keep up. This disrupts the normal balance between salt and water in the blood and forces excess water into your cells.

For some cells, like muscle and fat cells, this is not an issue as they have the space to expand. But for the cells of the brain, which live within the boney enclosure of the skull, it can be dangerous. Patients who suffer water intoxication may experience headaches, confusion, coma, or in extreme cases death.

The above video goes into depth about water intoxication.

 

Source: National Institutes of Health

About the Author
  • Abbie is an AFAA certified personal trainer and fitness instructor with an interest in all things health-science. She has recently graduated with her BS in Applied Sport and Exercise Science from Barry University in Miami. Next, she intends to earn an MPH with a focus in Epidemiology.
You May Also Like
JUN 29, 2020
Neuroscience
Stroke Most Common Brain Side Effect from COVID-19
JUN 29, 2020
Stroke Most Common Brain Side Effect from COVID-19
Researchers from the UK have identified having a stroke as the most common neurological side-effect of COVID-19. They al ...
JUL 14, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
Antiplatelet Drug Shows Promise for Heart Attack Treatment
JUL 14, 2020
Antiplatelet Drug Shows Promise for Heart Attack Treatment
A common and often dangerous side-effect of antiplatelet medications is an increase in bleeding. As such, researchers at ...
AUG 29, 2020
Cardiology
Protecting the Heart Against Damage from Mechanical Stress
AUG 29, 2020
Protecting the Heart Against Damage from Mechanical Stress
Heart failure is a traumatic event that can have long-lasting consequences. Often, after an adverse cardiac event, the h ...
NOV 03, 2020
Cardiology
A New Peptide Could Help Repair and Protect the Heart During Ischemia Reperfusion Injury
NOV 03, 2020
A New Peptide Could Help Repair and Protect the Heart During Ischemia Reperfusion Injury
Cardiovascular disease is one of the most common causes of death in the world. Although we have many treatments against ...
NOV 14, 2020
Cardiology
Chili Peppers May Help Us Live Longer
NOV 14, 2020
Chili Peppers May Help Us Live Longer
Researchers presented preliminary data at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2020 that suggested t ...
NOV 17, 2020
Cardiology
Validating Blood Pressure Functionality in a New Smartwatch
NOV 17, 2020
Validating Blood Pressure Functionality in a New Smartwatch
One of the most exciting advancements in our time is wearable technology. While most see it as a cool piece of tech on y ...
Loading Comments...