MAR 13, 2018 01:30 PM PDT

Universal Vaccine

In the human body,  immune system helps to defend against parasites, bacteria, and virus. It comprises different biological components, such as tissues, cells, globulins, membrane receptors, etc.

A vaccine, traditionally prepared from a dead microbe, its toxins or surface proteins, can provide active acquired immunity to a particular disease. It works by allowing the immune system to recognize the antigens it presents as a threat and destroy it. The "drill"-like practice stimulates the system and prepares it for battling the vaccine-associated microorganisms in the future.

For a long time, scientists have been contemplating with the idea of "universal vaccine"— a formulation that protects against a specific microbe, no matter how it might mutate. But it was deemed too challenging given the complexities of both pathogen and host biology. However, reverse vaccinology, a new approach for vaccine development, could offer hope to synthesize novel antigens that could generate universal vaccine hopefully in the near future.

Source: PBS Digital Studios via Youtube

About the Author
  • With years of experience in biomedical R & D, Daniel is also very into writing. He is constantly fascinated by what's happening in the world of science. He hopes to capture the public's interest and promote scientific literacy with his trending news articles.
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