OCT 28, 2019 5:47 PM PDT

Pesticides Plague Great Barrier Reef Waterways

WRITTEN BY: Tiffany Dazet

Based on parameters set by the Australian and Queensland Governments, a significant pesticide reduction target for waters entering for the Great Barrier Reef is not currently being met. In 2017, the governments set a new pesticide reduction target in the Reef 2050 Water Quality Improvement Plan. The new pesticide target was based on the concentrations of pesticides required to protect 99% of species at the end of all catchments. This means that only 1% of aquatic species would experience some adverse effects from pesticides, and those effects do not necessarily include death.

Researchers from the University of Queensland, Australia (UQ) and the Queensland Department of Environment and Science recently spoke to UQ reporters about study results that were published in August’s Reef Water Quality Report Card (2017-2018). They shared that overall, only 97% of aquatic species are currently protected across the entire Great Barrier Reef Catchment Area (GBRCA). Their assessment only accounts for pesticides and herbicides and does not include fungicides.

Their results also showed significant differences between the natural resource management regions, ranging from 71 to 99%. Only one of the six natural resource management regions that are part of the GBRCA—the Cape York region—is meeting the proper target. According to the report, “this translates to 43% of the major catchments already meeting the pesticide target.” Knowing which regions are not currently meeting or nearing the reduction target is useful to all stakeholders in a given region. Two major catchments face a high risk from pesticides and two major catchments face a very high risk from pesticides.

These results were obtained by examining the combined toxicity of 22 of the most common pesticides found in waterways that reach the Great Barrier Reef. Previously, individual pesticides were assessed. The combined toxicity will prove more helpful to gauge the actual risk imposed on aquatic species in the regions. According to School or Earth and Environmental Sciences’ Associate Professor Michael Warne, “Difference pesticides affect different organisms, for example, herbicides will affect organisms that photosynthesize—such as seagrass, corals, mangroves, and algae—while insecticides affect insect larvae in freshwater and crustaceans.”

The video below, from Reef 2050 Water Quality Improvement Plan website, demonstrates how runoff from farms is monitored in catchments.

Sources: UQ, Reef Water Quality Report Card

About the Author
  • Tiffany grew up in Southern California, where she attended San Diego State University. She graduated with a degree in Biology with a marine emphasis, thanks to her love of the ocean and wildlife. With 13 years of science writing under her belt, she now works as a freelance writer in the Pacific Northwest.
You May Also Like
JUN 28, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Yeast Engineered to Produce Biofuel from Previously Unusable Biomass
JUN 28, 2021
Yeast Engineered to Produce Biofuel from Previously Unusable Biomass
Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have found a way to expand biofuel production with geneticall ...
JUL 06, 2021
Earth & The Environment
Last Bastion of Arctic's Summer Ice is Vulnerable
JUL 06, 2021
Last Bastion of Arctic's Summer Ice is Vulnerable
When it comes to climate change, the Arctic is changing faster than any other place on Earth. One reason may be because ...
JUL 14, 2021
Earth & The Environment
High-Tide Flooding is Cause for Concern in the US
JUL 14, 2021
High-Tide Flooding is Cause for Concern in the US
High-tide flooding (HTF) is a phenomenon that typically occurs in coastal regions during the highest astronomical tides ...
JUL 15, 2021
Immunology
Your Immune System Can't Deal With All the Plastic You're Eating
JUL 15, 2021
Your Immune System Can't Deal With All the Plastic You're Eating
Microplastics—tiny fragments of plastic, less than five millimeters in diameter—pollute our environment and, ...
AUG 15, 2021
Genetics & Genomics
Stunning Connection Between Bear DNA & Human Language Groups Is Revealed
AUG 15, 2021
Stunning Connection Between Bear DNA & Human Language Groups Is Revealed
Incredible findings from the wilds of coastal British Columbia have shown how closely linked animals, humans, and the en ...
SEP 07, 2021
Plants & Animals
All dogs may be descended from the same 23,000-year-old Siberian ancestor
SEP 07, 2021
All dogs may be descended from the same 23,000-year-old Siberian ancestor
New research suggests that all modern dogs are descended from the same 23,000-year-old Siberian ancestor
Loading Comments...