JUL 28, 2017 8:09 AM PDT

Researchers Discover a Toggle Switch for Aggression in Male Mice

WRITTEN BY: Anthony Bouchard

Researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine have pinpointed a particular cluster of approximately 5,000 nerve cells within a mouse’s brain that invoke territorial-based male aggression when activated. They've published the results of their study in the journal Neuron.

Male mice can be territorial, but certain aspects have an impact on these mechanisms, researchers found.

Image Credit: Alexas_Fotos/Pixabay

Compared to the high number of neurons (80 million or more) that exist in a typical male mouse’s brain, 5,000 isn’t a significant number. Nevertheless, they appear to have a large influence on a male mouse’s behavior.

When activated, the male mouse would behave in aggressive ways that are unheard of in the species, like attacking female mice, going after other animal species, and even becoming enraged after seeing itself in a mirror. What this told the researchers was that male mice could be manipulated to attack just about anything by exploiting this small nerve cell cluster.

Interestingly, this aggression could be overridden by a secondary component: judgment based on past life experiences.

Related: Octopuses change color when they are feeling aggressive

Male mice that are accustomed to solitary confinement, such as those kept as lone pets in cages, are significantly more territorial than those used to sharing an enclosure with other males. With that in mind, researchers saw more success invoking rage in the former rather than the latter.

Male mice that lived in solitude their entire lives had their nerve cells toggled for aggression and would lash out at unknown threats whether they were met with an intruder on their territory or were the ones doing the intruding on another male mouse’s territory.

On the other hand, male mice that were used to living alongside others only ever lashed out when the male mouse intruded on their territory, and never when they were the ones doing the intruding.

This clear distinction indicates that pheromones, the natural mechanisms that tip the creatures off to the presence of other males and lead to heightened alertness, and the aggression that ensues, can be influenced by a mouse’s previous social interactions.

“Nature versus nurture is a false dichotomy,” said Nairo Shah, the senior author of the study.

“We’ve showed, on the one hand, that genetically programmed circuitry massively influences mammalian behavior. And we’ve seen that, under certain circumstances, nurture wins: Your social conditions can override your natural impulse to fight.”

Related: These 3D-printed mouse ovaries are fully-functional

The research brings some solid findings to the table that could help us better understand male aggression in other mammalian species; not just mice. In fact, it may even help us better understand explosive outbursts of anger in humans.

More research is needed to understand how these systems work in their entirety. Nevertheless, these findings could open new doors to treating aggression.

Source: Stanford University

About the Author
  • Fascinated by scientific discoveries and media, Anthony found his way here at LabRoots, where he would be able to dabble in the two. Anthony is a technology junkie that has vast experience in computer systems and automobile mechanics, as opposite as those sound.
You May Also Like
JUL 16, 2021
Chemistry & Physics
Climate Change Causes Carbon Loss in Soil & Root Problems in Plants
JUL 16, 2021
Climate Change Causes Carbon Loss in Soil & Root Problems in Plants
Concerns about runaway climate change and tipping points of no return are constant sources of fear in our warming world. ...
JUL 23, 2021
Earth & The Environment
How Much for a Healthy Ecosystem? Value & Policy in Forest Ecosystems
JUL 23, 2021
How Much for a Healthy Ecosystem? Value & Policy in Forest Ecosystems
Whether you know it or not, healthy ecosystems are an essential part of your life and many of the services you use daily ...
AUG 26, 2021
Health & Medicine
Hoover Dam is going dry: Water shortage declared for the first time ever in the USA
AUG 26, 2021
Hoover Dam is going dry: Water shortage declared for the first time ever in the USA
We have all heard of the famous “bathtub ring” around Lake Mead (AZ, MN) and many have seen photos and video ...
AUG 30, 2021
Plants & Animals
Using Sunflower Pollen to Create Ink For 3D Biomedical Printing
AUG 30, 2021
Using Sunflower Pollen to Create Ink For 3D Biomedical Printing
Most methods for manufacturing ink for 3D printers involve the addition of various materials to provide strength and str ...
SEP 05, 2021
Genetics & Genomics
New Comb Jelly Species Revealed by Genetic Study
SEP 05, 2021
New Comb Jelly Species Revealed by Genetic Study
Genetic research has now revealed more about comb jellies, also known as ctenophores, which are delicate and mysterious ...
SEP 07, 2021
Clinical & Molecular DX
Dogs Can Pick Up the 'Seizure Smell', Alert Their Owners
SEP 07, 2021
Dogs Can Pick Up the 'Seizure Smell', Alert Their Owners
Dogs offer so much more than companionship and unconditional love. New research shows that for patients with epilepsy, t ...
Loading Comments...