SEP 08, 2018 11:16 PM PDT

Creating Animal-Friendly Machines

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

Image Source/Credit: South Bend Tribune

A fairly young and dynamic discipline, the study of machine ethics is geared towards humans. However, now the field is being pushed towards animals to protect them from harm since they cannot make ethical decisions on their own. Semi-autonomous and autonomous machines and robots may be used as moral machines using annotated decision trees that contain ethical assumptions or justifications for animal interactions. There has been several prototypes of semi-autonomous and autonomous machines that were developed by FHNW University in Brugg-Windisch, Switzerland with the intentions of not startling wild animals. These prototypes include “ladybird-friendly robot vacuum cleaner, a self-driving car, a drone study for nature photography and advanced driver assistance systems”.

In the article "Towards animal-friendly machines", written by Professor Oliver Bendel of the FHNW School of Business and published in the Journal of Behavioral Robotics, described how annotated decision trees intended for animal-friendly moral machines are now being created and compared while developing moral justifications transparent.

Credit: Animals Worlds

To illustrate, the modeling for the drone was created to ignore humans and to avoid harming flying birds as well as identifying skittish animals and only photographing them from an appropriate height. Another example is the robot vacuum cleaner which was programmed to identify ladybirds by their color, and instructed to stop vacuuming until an insect has moved away. Furthermore, the owner of a machine can control the morality of a machine by presetting it to spare ladybirds, but instead to set it to vacuum undesirable insects and other invasive species. Although this does not seem to be animal-friendly it can be justified if it includes harm and danger, such as a vermin-free house.

"Both robotics and computer science must be sensitized to animal protection and advocates for animal ethics should follow developments in robotics and artificial intelligence and should be involved in both," explains Professor Bendel.

Source: De Gruyter

About the Author
  • Nouran earned her BS and MS in Biology at IUPUI and currently shares her love of science by teaching. She enjoys writing on various topics as well including science & medicine, global health, and conservation biology. She hopes through her writing she can make science more engaging and communicable to the general public.
You May Also Like
APR 26, 2020
Space & Astronomy
APR 26, 2020
NASA Balances the Perseverance Rover's Chassis
Engineers at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida has been working tirelessly over the past seve ...
APR 30, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
APR 30, 2020
Researchers Use AI to Accelerate COVID-19 Drug Development
Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have developed an artificial intelligence platform to accele ...
MAY 06, 2020
Genetics & Genomics
MAY 06, 2020
Advances in Genome Sequencing Technology
We've come a long way from the human genome project, which took years to complete. It now takes about 6 hours to sequenc ...
MAY 06, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
MAY 06, 2020
Electronic nose could detect COPD
An electronic nose capable of identifying respiratory tract infections could come in great handy in times like these. At ...
MAY 21, 2020
Earth & The Environment
MAY 21, 2020
Mapping wildfires with neural networks
Hydrology researchers have banded together with environmental engineers and remote sensing specialists to develop a deep ...
MAY 17, 2020
MAY 17, 2020
How Real is Video Game Addiction?
How real is video game addiction? We often hear of the negative implications for long-term video game use but is it fair ...
Loading Comments...