SEP 08, 2018 11:16 PM PDT

Creating Animal-Friendly Machines

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

Image Source/Credit: South Bend Tribune

A fairly young and dynamic discipline, the study of machine ethics is geared towards humans. However, now the field is being pushed towards animals to protect them from harm since they cannot make ethical decisions on their own. Semi-autonomous and autonomous machines and robots may be used as moral machines using annotated decision trees that contain ethical assumptions or justifications for animal interactions. There has been several prototypes of semi-autonomous and autonomous machines that were developed by FHNW University in Brugg-Windisch, Switzerland with the intentions of not startling wild animals. These prototypes include “ladybird-friendly robot vacuum cleaner, a self-driving car, a drone study for nature photography and advanced driver assistance systems”.

In the article "Towards animal-friendly machines", written by Professor Oliver Bendel of the FHNW School of Business and published in the Journal of Behavioral Robotics, described how annotated decision trees intended for animal-friendly moral machines are now being created and compared while developing moral justifications transparent.

Credit: Animals Worlds

To illustrate, the modeling for the drone was created to ignore humans and to avoid harming flying birds as well as identifying skittish animals and only photographing them from an appropriate height. Another example is the robot vacuum cleaner which was programmed to identify ladybirds by their color, and instructed to stop vacuuming until an insect has moved away. Furthermore, the owner of a machine can control the morality of a machine by presetting it to spare ladybirds, but instead to set it to vacuum undesirable insects and other invasive species. Although this does not seem to be animal-friendly it can be justified if it includes harm and danger, such as a vermin-free house.

"Both robotics and computer science must be sensitized to animal protection and advocates for animal ethics should follow developments in robotics and artificial intelligence and should be involved in both," explains Professor Bendel.

Source: De Gruyter

About the Author
  • Nouran earned her BS and MS in Biology at IUPUI and currently shares her love of science by teaching. She enjoys writing on various topics as well including science & medicine, global health, and conservation biology. She hopes through her writing she can make science more engaging and communicable to the general public.
You May Also Like
MAY 26, 2020
Technology
An App That Detects Retinal Damage
MAY 26, 2020
An App That Detects Retinal Damage
The most common cause of blindness in working-age adults is retinal damage as a result of diabetes. To address this prob ...
MAY 24, 2020
Technology
New Type of Laser for Biomedical Applications
MAY 24, 2020
New Type of Laser for Biomedical Applications
Researchers have discovered a new type of laser developed to give high amounts of energy in very short duration. The app ...
JUN 11, 2020
Technology
Artificial Brains Need Sleep Too
JUN 11, 2020
Artificial Brains Need Sleep Too
Can your android someday dream of electric sheep? Maybe not. But what may happen is that these artificial brains can ben ...
JUL 05, 2020
Technology
Computational Model Predicts Speech
JUL 05, 2020
Computational Model Predicts Speech
Our brains analyze spoken language by predicting syllables. As such, this inspired researchers at the University of Gene ...
JUL 26, 2020
Drug Discovery & Development
AI Creates Proteins that Rival Those in Nature
JUL 26, 2020
AI Creates Proteins that Rival Those in Nature
Proteins are crucial for the function of cells in living organisms. Now, researchers have developed a machine leaning-le ...
JUL 20, 2020
Technology
Robotic Human-Like Hands
JUL 20, 2020
Robotic Human-Like Hands
Robots are seen as metallic tough man-made objects that do not align with a ‘soft-touch’. However, there is ...
Loading Comments...