FEB 22, 2020 7:25 PM PST

Computer-Generating Genomes

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

Our DNA code, that stores all of our genetic information, is stored within our genome. Not only us, but other living organisms such as microbes have their own genome. Sequencing genetic information via DNA enables us to understand the microbes that fill our world.  

Learn more about DNA sequencing:

Today, we have the DNA sequences of more than 200,000 microbial genomes and that biological data has been recorded digitally. Recent research aims to understand living systems through programing genetic data—this has become known as the digital revolution in biology.

In a recent study, researchers are aiming to advance the future applications of synthetic genomes for industry and health. To do so, the used digital genome design algorithm in partnership with big chemical DNA synthesis. They developed the world’s first fully computer-generated genome called ‘Caulobacter ethensis-2.0—the lab utilizes artificial genomes through synthetic biology applications.

To demonstrate their development, researchers computed the ideal genome of a natural freshwater bacterium. During the design process, scientists used more than 800,000 DNA letters in an artificial genome. Gene functions can then be tested even outside a living cell—researchers found that roughly 580 to 680 artificial genes could functionally demonstrate the promise of designer genomes.

The study brings relevance e to society and challenges that may arise as a result of using the technology.

Source: Science Daily

About the Author
  • Nouran earned her BS and MS in Biology at IUPUI and currently shares her love of science by teaching. She enjoys writing on various topics as well including science & medicine, global health, and conservation biology. She hopes through her writing she can make science more engaging and communicable to the general public.
You May Also Like
JAN 03, 2020
Neuroscience
JAN 03, 2020
Natural Smells Effective in Reducing Stress Levels
For some time now, studies have been abound on the benefits of nature for both physical and mental health. Now, however, research shows that smells derived...
JAN 30, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
JAN 30, 2020
New Infrared Spectroscopic Method Grants Scientists Unprecedented "Seeing" Power
Infrared spectroscopy is a popular scientific method to identify and study molecules based on their absorption of infrared light. Scientists at the Max Pla...
FEB 04, 2020
Space & Astronomy
FEB 04, 2020
What Are NASA's 'Great Observatories?'
NASA recently retired its Spitzer Space Telescope, one of four specialized space-based observatories that together made up the American Space Agency’...
FEB 12, 2020
Neuroscience
FEB 12, 2020
How AI and Neuroscience Propel Each Other Forward
Traditional notions of artificial intelligence (AI) are outdated. Rather than simply being able to understand inventory lists, or make binary decisions bas...
FEB 17, 2020
Chemistry & Physics
FEB 17, 2020
Graphene, the Toughest 2-D Material
An allotrope of carbon, graphene is a two-dimensional (2D) sheet of a nearly endless hexagonal network. In many of the studies conducted on this Nobel-winn...
MAR 22, 2020
Space & Astronomy
MAR 22, 2020
Critical Sample Handling Equipment is Installed on the Perseverance Rover
It was only a couple of weeks ago that NASA’s Mars 2020 rover got renamed to the Perseverance rover, and with a launch opportunity rapidly approachin...
Loading Comments...