All personnel involved in an animal care and use program are expected to have an appropriate level of education, training and/or qualifications to perform their duties as defined through laws, regulations, and guidelines in the laboratory animal field. Although methods used to evaluate personnel qualifications vary throughout the world, the realistic and practical approach to assessing proven competency of individuals resides with the demonstration of tasks and/or analysis of the end product. Fortunately in the field of laboratory animal science and medicine, numerous metrics are available for review, including documentation of activities (e.g., daily husbandry log sheets, medical records, etc.) and most importantly, the health and appearance of the animals in the institution. Thus, assessing the competency of individuals, whether through demonstration of tasks or examination of the end product, is a basic tenet of education and training and is critical in ensuring animal welfare as well as preventing potential occupational injuries to personnel. The 8th edition of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals (Guide) provides enhanced guidance relative to training and education and the Program Description template of AAALAC International requires institutions to provide information describing the training programs and qualifications of animal program personnel. During the on-site assessment of an institution, the AAALAC representatives will evaluate the program and facilities for conformance with AAALAC International's Primary Standards, as appropriate to the institution, including the training program and qualifications of personnel. This presentation will highlight key groups of the animal care and use program where training and education are essential, and discuss methods of assessing the quality of the training program for those groups. In addition, the expectations of the Council on Accreditation in assessing training and qualifications of personnel in the animal care and use program will be discussed.