Nanoparticle Based Delivery of Gene Editing Enzymes



Cas9 based therapeutics have the potential to revolutionize the treatment of genetic diseases.  However, safe and effective methods for delivering Cas9 protein, gRNA and donor DNA need to be developed before the therapeutic potential of CRISPR based therapeutics can be realized.  In this presentation, I will describe a non-viral Cas9 delivery vehicle, termed CRISPR-Gold, which can induce homology directed DNA repair (HDR) in vivo by directly delivering Cas9 protein, gRNA, and donor DNA.  CRISPR-Gold is composed of gold nanoparticles assembled with the Cas9/gRNA ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex, donor DNA, and an endosomal disruptive polymer.  We have been able to demonstrate that CRISPR-Gold can correct the DNA mutation that causes Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in mdx mice via HDR, with an efficiency of 5.4% after an intramuscular injection and with minimal levels off-target DNA damage.  In addition, CRISPR-Gold was able to deliver Cas9 RNP into the brain, after an intracranial injection, and rescue mice from FMR1 related autism, via deletion of the mGluR5 gene via non-homologous end joining (NHEJ).  CRISPR-Gold is a non-viral delivery vehicle that can generate HDR and NHEJ in vivo and has potential for treating muscle and neurological diseases.

Learning Objectives:

1. Discuss in vivo gene editing via the delivery of the Cas9 ribonucleoprotein.
2. Discuss new strategies for conjugating polymers to proteins.

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