JUL 24, 2018 1:15 PM PDT

FDA Approves New Drug for Refractory/Relapsed AML

WRITTEN BY: Mauri Brueggeman

Adults with relapsed or refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) have very few options for treatments until this month.  The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first of a new class of cancer drug which is administered in a pill form.  Tibsovo (ivosidenib) will be available for adults either suffering from an AML that has not responded to other therapies or for patients whose AML has returned after having been treated initially with another course of therapy.  Tibsovo is an IDH1 inhibitor, meaning the pill prevents isocitrate dehydrogenase type 1’s (IDH1) neoplastic activity on a molecular biology level. IDH is an enzyme in the citric acid cycle and is found to be mutated in a variety of cancers, according to the literature. 

According to Richard Pazdur, MD, the Director of the Oncology Center of Excellence and Office of Hematology and Oncology Products at the FDA, “Tibsovo is a targeted therapy that fills an unmet need for patients with relapsed or refractory AML who have an IDH1 mutation.”  The clinical trials involving Tibsovo (also known as AG120) were associated with complete remission for some patients and reduction in required transfusions in other patients. 

This drug was granted an FDA fast track and priority review label as well as an orphan drug description because this affects smaller numbers of patients with this an IDH1 mutation. 

Testing has been developed for IDH1 and IDH2 genes and they are most often analyzed simultaneously; testing can be done on plasma for hematological disease like in this case.  Solid tumors can also be tested.  IDH1 mutations have been found in gliomas, chondrosarcomas, and cholangiocarcinomas, colon and lung cancers, and melanomas.  For some of these cancers, the treatment options and prognosis are poor, so this new drug class presents potential options for them in the future.  The current procedural terminology (CPT) code for this testing was updated in 2018 to include IDH1 (81120) and IDH2 (81121) from a previous Tier 2 molecular pathology code the previous year.  

There are currently clinical trials underway examining the efficacy and safety of IDH inhibitor drugs in the US, France, China, and Germany for gliomas, (NCT02771301, NCT02454634, NCT02597335), myeloid neoplasms beyond AML (NCT03564821), and cholangiocarcinomas (NCT02989857).   

Agios Pharmaceuticals, the producer of Tibsovo, has indicated that this treatment will be very expensive, perhaps topping six figures for the few months patients would be on it.  There are also some side effects discussed in the video linked to this article but were found to be manageable.

Sources: FDA, NCI, ClinicalTrials.Gov, Agios, LabCorp,

About the Author
  • Mauri S. Brueggeman is a Medical Laboratory Scientist and Educator with a background in Cytogenetics and a Masters in Education from the University of Minnesota. She has worked in the clinical laboratory, taught at the University of Minnesota, and been in post secondary healthcare education administration. She is passionate about advances and leadership in science, medicine, and education.
You May Also Like
DEC 01, 2019
Cancer
DEC 01, 2019
At-home urine test detects prostate cancer
Peeing on a stick may not just be for pregnancy-detection anymore – an at-home urine test could also detect prostate cancer in the near future. New r...
DEC 02, 2019
Cancer
DEC 02, 2019
Self-renewing blood stem cells give hope for blood disease treatments
New research details how activating a certain protein may be the key to getting hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) to self-renew. The research comes from scie...
DEC 24, 2019
Cancer
DEC 24, 2019
The effect of aspirin on breast cancer
New research published recently in the journal Cancer aims to better understand the effects that aspirin can have on breast cancer. Previous research has s...
JAN 15, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
JAN 15, 2020
Cell Division Research Reveals More About a Protein That's Elevated in Cancer
Cell division is a carefully regulated process, cancer is the result when it gets out of control....
FEB 11, 2020
Cancer
FEB 11, 2020
Could we be over-diagnosing cancer?
Roughly one in every two people are estimated to receive a cancer diagnosis at some point in their lives, but are all of those diagnoses valid? New researc...
FEB 16, 2020
Cell & Molecular Biology
FEB 16, 2020
Growing Cells on Scaffolding as an Alternative to Animal Models
Researchers may have just made it easier for investigators to switch to an engineered model and replace their animal colonies with electrospun synthetics....
Loading Comments...