DEC 06, 2021 3:30 PM PST

Benefits of Cannabis Tissue Culture

WRITTEN BY: Kerry Charron

Cannabis cultivation has embraced tissue culture due to this approach’s many advantages. Tissue culture cultivation is the process of harvesting mother plants for their branch tips, trimming the tips for cuttings, or “clones”, and monitoring the root development of those clones in a contaminant-free growing environment. It provides greater control over many aspects of cultivation such as cost savings, crop loss mitigation, plant genetic engineering, and disease management. Tissue culture cloning has been used successfully with crops like potatoes, orchids, bananas, tobacco, and dates. Many crop industries have developed successful tissue culture production systems and phytosanitary standards that provide some instructive models for the cannabis industry. Most commercial cannabis grow facilities use tissue culture to promote plant health, ensure genetics, and support commercial mass propagation.  

Tissue culture offers greater risk control throughout a crop’s growth cycle. It prevents fungal and mold infection in early stages when tips are cut from the mother plant and transplanted to a growing medium. Growers report that tissue culture reduces disease incidence and pesticide use. This technique is an effective crop-loss mitigation tool in production farming. 

Tissue culture ensures a genetic replica of the mother plant. Genetic consistency is important for the consumer as well, since many medical cannabis patients rely on specific strains to manage their symptoms. Protecting cannabis genetics is critical to the cannabis industry and cannabis science research.

Tissue culture is a cost-efficient way to support economies of scale. Since clones are used instead of seeds, the time to harvest and expenses with purchasing seeds decrease. Scaling up production is profitable, but it also increases the risk of disease, pathogens, and other potential plant health threats. Tissue culture offers a proactive approach for limiting pest infestation, virus outbreaks, and fungal problems.

Tissue culture also has challenges that growers need to consider. Cannabis diversity poses a challenge, since some strains respond better than others to tissue culture than others. It can reduce production efficiency for some varieties. As cannabis genome type characterization becomes more advanced, research will identify tissue culture practices most effective for each genetic strain.

Sources

 Cannabis Industry JournalFrontiers in Plant Science

 

 

About the Author
  • Kerry Charron writes about medical cannabis research. She has experience working in a Florida cultivation center and has participated in advocacy efforts for medical cannabis.
You May Also Like
JUL 09, 2021
Plants & Animals
Cannabis Cultivation Isn't Actually Very Water-Thirsty
JUL 09, 2021
Cannabis Cultivation Isn't Actually Very Water-Thirsty
Cannabis cultivation is traditionally thought of as a particularly water-thirsty operation, but new evidence suggests th ...
SEP 01, 2021
Health & Medicine
Does Regular Cannabis Affect Brain Function? Sometimes in a Good Way
SEP 01, 2021
Does Regular Cannabis Affect Brain Function? Sometimes in a Good Way
With cannabis now legal in many parts of the world, an increasing number of people now count as regular users of the dru ...
SEP 09, 2021
Health & Medicine
Cannabis and Pain Management- A Double Edged Sword?
SEP 09, 2021
Cannabis and Pain Management- A Double Edged Sword?
In 2016 it was estimated by the CDC that 20.4% of Americans have chronic pain. Chronic pain is a primary reaso ...
OCT 15, 2021
Health & Medicine
Anti-seizure properties found in the Cannabinoid CBGA
OCT 15, 2021
Anti-seizure properties found in the Cannabinoid CBGA
A growing body of research suggests cannabis’s effectiveness in minimizing seizure activity, but a recent study hi ...
NOV 10, 2021
Cannabis Sciences
Does Cannabis Use Reduce the Risk of Cancer?
NOV 10, 2021
Does Cannabis Use Reduce the Risk of Cancer?
In medical terminology, there are few terms as imposing as ‘cancer.’ According to the Centers for Disea ...
DEC 23, 2021
Cannabis Sciences
Acute Intoxication Effects of Legal-Market High-Potency THC-Enriched vs. CBD-Enriched Cannabis Concentrates
DEC 23, 2021
Acute Intoxication Effects of Legal-Market High-Potency THC-Enriched vs. CBD-Enriched Cannabis Concentrates
Researchers from Colorado State University and the University of Colorado Boulder have just released the first study to ...
Loading Comments...