MAY 08, 2018 9:01 PM PDT

Pure Form of An Illegal Euphoric Drug Treats PTSD

WRITTEN BY: Nouran Amin

 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder where an individual has a difficult time recovering from a traumatic incident often caused by re-occurring memories of the situation leading to mental distress. According to the National co-morbidity published by Harvard Medical School, about 7% of people in the United States will suffer from PTSD during their lifetimes. Although many patients improve with therapy, anti-depressant medications and time, some will continue to have nightmares or flashbacks that persistently allow them to re-live a traumatic event. These patients will often experience severe symptoms that range from triggered anxiety attacks to depression, sleep disturbances, and dramatic changes in mood and behavior.

 

Now, an illegal euphoric drug may seek to treat individuals suffering from PTSD. The pure chemical form or active ingredient of this particular drug is MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine). MDMA is known to alter mood and perception by targeting brain cells to release the neurohormone serotonin which is a brain chemical that regulates mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep patterns and pain sensitivity. MDMA is also chemically the same as stimulants and hallucinogens.

Mental health investigators were curious if the chemical proteins of MDMA could be therapeutic for a multitude of metal health disorders. Dr. Michael Mithoefer, M.D., a psychiatrist who studies MDMA-assisted psychotherapy, described MDMA as "unique among drugs that decrease anxiety in that it isn’t sedating and doesn’t impair memory."

"People have clear recall of trauma without being overwhelmed by emotions or dissociating and being emotionally numb," he continues. "Our model is that MDMA is acting as a catalyst to the psychotherapeutic process, not as a stand-along drug."

MDMA was approved by the FDA for classic studies in treating chronic PTSD, but only under certain conditions. Regardless, it was seen that MDMA is the effective choice. “PTSD involves prominent fear responses and the fact that MDMA decreases fear by decreasing activity in the amygdala and increasing activity in prefrontal cortex," explains Mithoefer.

About the Author
Master's (MA/MS/Other)
Nouran is a scientist, educator, and life-long learner with a passion for making science more communicable. When not busy in the lab isolating blood macrophages, she enjoys writing on various STEM topics.
You May Also Like
DEC 03, 2022
Drug Discovery & Development
Steps to Curing Alzheimer's: Lecanemab
Steps to Curing Alzheimer's: Lecanemab
Every day, we come closer to finding a cure for Alzheimer's. Recently, the New England Journal of Medicine published ...
DEC 09, 2022
Cannabis Sciences
What are fast acting edibles, and how do they work?
What are fast acting edibles, and how do they work?
Fast acting edibles are one of the newest and most popular products on the market. Here's what's behind the fast acting ...
DEC 19, 2022
Cancer
TIL Therapy for Advanced Melanoma Extends Survival Over Ipilimumab
TIL Therapy for Advanced Melanoma Extends Survival Over Ipilimumab
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have become a treatment option for many patients with advanced melanoma.  Still ...
JAN 04, 2023
Health & Medicine
ACER-001- New Drug to Treat Genetic Disorder
ACER-001- New Drug to Treat Genetic Disorder
Urea cycle disorders (UCDs) are genetic conditions most commonly diagnosed in children that result in the body&rsqu ...
JAN 18, 2023
Technology
Artificial pancreas for type 2 diabetes management
Artificial pancreas for type 2 diabetes management
Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common condition around the globe, affecting over 400 million people. In type 2 diabe ...
FEB 01, 2023
Health & Medicine
Webinar: Data Integrity and Connectivity for Lab Balances
Webinar: Data Integrity and Connectivity for Lab Balances
Data integrity is one of the most important criteria for reliable laboratory results and a hot topic for regulators and ...
Loading Comments...