OCT 31, 2017 6:18 AM PDT

Multi-Purpose Immune Cells Heal Diabetic Wounds

WRITTEN BY: Kara Marker

People with type 2 diabetes are particularly prone to ulcers on the bottom of the foot, which can increase the risk of death and often result in a major amputation. Ulcers take months to heal, but a new discovery could hasten wound recovery.

From Massachusetts General Hospital, scientists found that mature B cells, the immune cells of the adaptive immune response that work alongside T cells and produce antibodies, can greatly improve how wounds - chronic like diabetic ulcers and acute - heal over time. Lead author of the new study, Ruxandra Sîrbulescu, PhD, says that the new findings open up an “exciting path to a new treatment for chronic wounds, such as diabetic foot ulcers.”

People with diabetes are prone to chronic wounds like foot ulcers partly because of neuropathy - damaged nerves - and vascular disease. Particularly the hands and feet, nerve damage affects the skin resulting in sensation loss. Tissues in the skin lose access to oxygen and nutrients - both of which are needed for healthy tissue healing - when blood flow is limited. All in all, the conditions for wound healing are less than ideal.

Sîrbulescu and other researchers took B cells from the spleens of both diabetic and nondiabetic mice during their study. Miraculously, a single “dose” of B cells improved wound repair by both reducing the size of the wounds and increase the amount of nerve endings and blood vessels in the newly-healed tissue. This occurred for both chronic and acute wounds, meaning a B cell-based wound-healing drug to enhance the process would work for diabetics and nondiabetics alike.

"Having a novel therapeutic that is based on the immediate isolation of a patient's own cells, with minimal manipulation, will represent an attractive option for the wound care field,” explained senior author Mark Poznansky, MD, PhD.

“With adequate funding, we believe we could apply this technology clinically within one to two years,” Sîrbulescu said.

Fifteen percent of people with diabetes develop a foot ulcer, and between 14 and 24 percent of those people will need an amputation because of it. Researchers say that there definitely is a need a cheaper way to accelerate healing that’s still safe.

The present study was published in the journal Wound Repair and Regeneration.

Sources: American Podiatric Medical Association, Massachusetts General Hospital

About the Author
  • I am a scientific journalist and enthusiast, especially in the realm of biomedicine. I am passionate about conveying the truth in scientific phenomena and subsequently improving health and public awareness. Sometimes scientific research needs a translator to effectively communicate the scientific jargon present in significant findings. I plan to be that translating communicator, and I hope to decrease the spread of misrepresented scientific phenomena! Check out my science blog: ScienceKara.com.
You May Also Like
OCT 12, 2021
Immunology
Major Landmark in a 100-Year Search for a Malaria Vaccine
OCT 12, 2021
Major Landmark in a 100-Year Search for a Malaria Vaccine
In one of the greatest global health milestones of our time, the World Health Organization has approved the widespread d ...
OCT 19, 2021
Immunology
Reverse Vaccinations Tame the Immune System to Help Hemophilia Patients
OCT 19, 2021
Reverse Vaccinations Tame the Immune System to Help Hemophilia Patients
In patients with hemophilia A—a hereditary disorder where the blood cannot clot properly—their immune system ...
OCT 17, 2021
Cardiology
Flu Vaccination Significantly Reduces Risk of Cardiac Events
OCT 17, 2021
Flu Vaccination Significantly Reduces Risk of Cardiac Events
The flu has been associated with a significantly increased risk of a cardiac event like heart attack or stroke.
NOV 04, 2021
Immunology
The Coronavirus Infects Inner Ear Cells
NOV 04, 2021
The Coronavirus Infects Inner Ear Cells
An increasing number of COVID-19 patients have reported ear-related issues: ringing in the ear, hearing loss, and balanc ...
DEC 09, 2021
Cannabis Sciences
Considering Cannabinoids as a COVID-19 Treatment
DEC 09, 2021
Considering Cannabinoids as a COVID-19 Treatment
Research suggests that Cannabis sativa-derived cannabinoids – such as cannabidiol (CBD), Δ9tetrahydrocannabi ...
JAN 02, 2022
Health & Medicine
COVID Predicted to be Endemic by 2024
JAN 02, 2022
COVID Predicted to be Endemic by 2024
Pfizer executives predict COVID will be endemic as early as 2024. What does COVID's endemicity look like? Much like ...
Loading Comments...