AUG 31, 2018 04:19 PM PDT

An Ebola Outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo

WRITTEN BY: Carmen Leitch

In August, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that an Ebola outbreak was happening in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. As of August 29, 2018, there were 86 confirmed, and 30 probable cases; 77 deaths are thought to have been caused by the virus, 47 of those cases are confirmed. The following video is about the current outbreak.

Experts noticed that there was a real chance of a major outbreak. The DRC is in the midst of a humanitarian crisis, and other disease outbreaks are occurring there now. The region where the outbreak has happened is controlled by armed militias, who restrict the movement of health care workers. Those workers are a critical part of the response to this situation, and while there is an experimental vaccine for Ebola, they won’t be able to distribute it effectively in that environment.

There has still been swift action on several fronts to try to contain the infection. A network was established to distribute the vaccine to areas where it’s needed most, in an attempt to reduce cases. The WHO deployed a team of one hundred employees to respond on site to establish and coordinate the efforts. Ebola treatment centers were put in place by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) to help treat those that are infected and keep them from affecting others. Those are just some of the efforts being made. 

The WHO report released on August 24 noted that while many confirmed deaths had occurred, they all were traced back to the epicenter of the outbreak. Patients that have been affected have managed to reach treatment centers in short order. It seems as though the efforts to contain the outbreak are paying off so far.

Some more good news: of sixteen people who were treated with an experimental therapeutic, two have recovered so far; they were given an antibody cocktail. That and another therapy are now in use; the other is an antiviral drug. Three more are going to be rolled out, marking a major advancement for patients.

Ebola virus causes a deadly infection, Ebola virus disease (EVD) that primates and people can contract. It is spread by direct contact with an animal that is infected. One example of direct contact is saliva touching broken skin. There is no evidence that insects like mosquitoes can transmit the virus.

The virus can hang around in body fluids even when symptoms of the illness have subsided. There are also places in the body where the virus can hide away; current research is investigating how long it persists in fluids. On dry surfaces, however, the virus can only live for a few hours. Livestock does not get sick with Ebola, except in an unusual case in pigs; they harbor a natural form that does not sicken people and only get sick with the pathogenic form when infected with high doses in a lab setting, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The video above has more information about Ebola.

 

Sources: WHO, Gizmodo, CNNCDC

About the Author
  • Experienced research scientist and technical expert with authorships on 28 peer-reviewed publications, traveler to over 60 countries, published photographer and internationally-exhibited painter, volunteer trained in disaster-response, CPR and DV counseling.
You May Also Like
SEP 18, 2018
Microbiology
SEP 18, 2018
The Earliest Influences on the Microbiome Have a Lasting Impact
We coexist with microorganisms, and many of them play an important role in our health....
OCT 01, 2018
Microbiology
OCT 01, 2018
A Virus That can Help Ensure Water is Clean
It's estimated that 780 million people worldwide don't have access to clean drinking water....
OCT 25, 2018
Microbiology
OCT 25, 2018
Common Herbicides Increase Antibiotic Resistance
If we have to feed a growing planet, it may hurt us in the long run if the methods used in farming are actually increasing antibiotic-resistance in bacteria....
NOV 07, 2018
Drug Discovery
NOV 07, 2018
Zebrafish Bacterial Gut Protein Delays Death by Septic Shock
At the University of Oregon, researchers identified a novel anti-inflammatory protein that is secreted by the common gut bacterium in zebrafish. The protei...
NOV 21, 2018
Microbiology
NOV 21, 2018
Human Antibody That can Neutralize West Nile Virus is Found
In 1999, there were 62 cases of West Nile Virus in New York State. Since then it has spread around the United States....
NOV 26, 2018
Health & Medicine
NOV 26, 2018
Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections in Tattoos
Contracting an infection when getting a tattoo is always a major concern. Consumers should be aware of the risk of developing infections with bloodborne pa...
Loading Comments...