SEP 08, 2020 9:00 AM PDT

Keynote Presentation: A Universal Influenza Virus Vaccine

C.E. Credits: Florida CE P.A.C.E. CE
Speaker
  • Professor and Chair Department of Microbiology, Professor in Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
    BIOGRAPHY

Abstract

Seasonal and pandemic influenza virus infections can cause significant disease worldwide. Current vaccines only provide limited, short-lived protection, and antigenic drift/shift in the hemagglutinin (HA) surface glycoprotein necessitates their annual reformulation and re-administration. To overcome these limitations, universal influenza virus vaccine strategies aim at eliciting broadly protective antibodies to conserved epitopes of the HA. We have developed ‘chimeric’ HA constructs which retain the conserved stalk domain of the HA and have exotic HA heads. Vaccination and boosting with such constructs successfully redirects the immune system in animals and in humans towards the conserved immune sub-dominant domains of the HA stalks resulting in an antigenic silencing of the HA heads and a protective immune response facilitated by the conserved HA stalks. In mice and ferrets such a strategy protects the animals against challenge with different influenza A strains as well as against different influenza B variants. Although phase I trials have been successfully conducted, further extensive trials will be necessary in the future in order to make this ‘chimeric’ HA approach an FDA-approved vaccine.

Learning Objectives:

1. Why is antigenic drift/shift responsible for the occasional very low efficacy of influenza virus vaccines and why is the composition of influenza virus vaccines adjusted on an annual basis?

2. Why are other vaccines not altered on an annual basis and why can they be used effectively over many decades? What is the principle behind the approach to develop a universal influenza virus vaccine?

3. Why is the technology of reverse genetics instrumental in making safe and protective universal influenza virus vaccines?


Show Resources
You May Also Like
MAY 11, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
MAY 11, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
Date: May 11, 2021 Time: 10:00zm PDT Your samples are some of the most valuable assets in the laboratory. After spending countless hours on extraction and preparation, your conclusions could...
SEP 14, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
SEP 14, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
Date: September 14, 2021 Time: 7am PDT, 10am EDT, 4pm CEST A conventional thermal cycler has long been a commodity product in the lab and end-point PCR techniques can be completed almost wit...
JUN 09, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
JUN 09, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
Date: June 9, 2021 Time: 09 June 2021, 7am PDT, 10am EDT, 4pm CEST cells with dramatic implications on the validity of past cell culture related research. The fact that at least 509 cell lin...
OCT 20, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
OCT 20, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
Date: October 20, 2021 Time:10:00am (PDT), 1:00pm (EDT) As the prevalence of Diabetes continues to rise in many areas across the globe, healthcare providers continue to look for methods that...
SEP 17, 2021 12:00 PM CST
C.E. CREDITS
SEP 17, 2021 12:00 PM CST
Date: September 16, 2021 Time: 9:00pm (PDT), 12:00am (EDT) 3D cellular models like organoids and spheroids offer an opportunity to better understand complex biology in a physiologically rele...
JUN 22, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
JUN 22, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
Date: June 22, 2021 Time: 10:00am (PDT), 1:00pm (EDT) Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as one of the principal public health problems of the 21st century. It threatens the effectiv...
Loading Comments...
Show Resources