OCT 10, 2018 9:00 AM PDT

Using Radiotherapy, Tumor-Reactive mAb and IL2 to Engage Innate and Adaptive Antitumor Immunity

Speaker

Abstract

In prior work, we have pursued how tumor reactive monoclonal antibody (mAb), together with activators of innate immune cells, like NK cells, can augment antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) of cancer cells in vitro. Following preclinical development in mice, this work has been translated into clinical efficacy in the setting of maintenance therapy for high risk neuroblastoma, and the FDA approval of the anti-GD2 mAb, dinutuximab. We have shown how the genotype of patients for NK inhibitory KIR genes can influence the activity of this therapy. More recently, we have identified a novel combination therapy (“In Situ Vaccination”) given directly to a large existing tumor that enables it to function as a potent vaccine, providing long-lasting cure of mice from large tumors that were previously non-curable with other immunotherapy approaches. Following local radiotherapy (RT), we directly inject a tumor-reactive immunocytokine [a tumor-reactive anti-GD2 mAb linked to IL2, a potent immune cell activator]. Most mice bearing a single large melanoma show tumor elimination with long lasting protective immunity with this approach (Morris et al, Cancer Research, 76:3929, 2016). In mice with 2 tumors, delivering RT to both the 1st + 2nd tumors, or adding checkpoint-blockade therapy using an anti-CTLA-4 mAb, enables injection of immunocytokine to the 1st tumor to eradicate it as well as the 2nd tumor in most mice. (Morris et al, Cancer Immunology Research,6: 825-834, 2018). Clinical testing in melanoma is being initiated. Preliminary results are similar in mice bearing pancreatic cancer or neuroblastoma, and clinical translation in neuroblastoma has been started. We hypothesize that In Situ Vaccination will also be effective in other tumors that appear resistant to checkpoint-blockade.

Learning Objectives: 

1. Immune responses can be induced against “cold” tumors
2. Combined approaches, activating presentation and recognition,  blocking an immunosuppressive micro-environment, and “taking off the brakes” can be synergistic.


Show Resources
You May Also Like
MAY 11, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
MAY 11, 2021 10:00 AM PDT
Date: May 11, 2021 Time: 10:00zm PDT Your samples are some of the most valuable assets in the laboratory. After spending countless hours on extraction and preparation, your conclusions could...
SEP 14, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
SEP 14, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
Date: September 14, 2021 Time: 7am PDT, 10am EDT, 4pm CEST A conventional thermal cycler has long been a commodity product in the lab and end-point PCR techniques can be completed almost wit...
JUN 09, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
JUN 09, 2021 7:00 AM PDT
Date: June 9, 2021 Time: 09 June 2021, 7am PDT, 10am EDT, 4pm CEST cells with dramatic implications on the validity of past cell culture related research. The fact that at least 509 cell lin...
APR 01, 2021 8:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
APR 01, 2021 8:00 AM PDT
Date: April 01, 2021 Time: 8:00am (PST), 11:00am (EST) Generating therapeutic antibodies is far more challenging than obtaining antibodies that merely recognize their targets. Engineering po...
JUL 15, 2021 9:00 AM PDT
JUL 15, 2021 9:00 AM PDT
Date: July 15, 2021 Time: 9:00am (PDT), 12:00pm (EDT) The Pisces workflow robust, easy-to-use, end-to-end multi-omics solution for highly multiplexed targeted Spatial RNA analysis. VeranomeB...
MAR 18, 2021 8:00 AM PDT
C.E. CREDITS
MAR 18, 2021 8:00 AM PDT
DATE: March 18, 2021 TIME: 8:00am PDT Sequencing of bulk cells, single cells, and nuclei is opening doors in the understanding of complex biological processes....
OCT 10, 2018 9:00 AM PDT

Using Radiotherapy, Tumor-Reactive mAb and IL2 to Engage Innate and Adaptive Antitumor Immunity


Specialty

Cancer Research

Cancer

Immunology

Health

Dna Sequencing

Research And Development

Clinical Diagnostics

Big Data

Biotechnology

Tumor

Antibodies

Flow Cytometry

Cancer Therapeutics

Immuno-Oncology

Earth Science

Geography

Europe67%

Asia33%

Registration Source

Website Visitors100%

Job Title

Student33%

Medical Doctor/Specialist33%

Medical Laboratory Technician33%

Organization

Academic Institution67%

Manufacturer - Other33%


Show Resources
Loading Comments...
Show Resources